the region where Tarmorya is today, Phoenicians founded establishments
in the coast between 1000 and 2000 BC. Rome annexed the so-called
province of Terrĉ Maurĉ in 14 AD. The area was urbanized and
Christianized until the invasion of the Vandals in the fifth century.
The emperor Justinian took over the territory that became part of the
Byzantine Africa until the sixth century when it fell under Arab rule.
city of Portus Africĉ (currently Bourzafrique) evolved as an active
commercial centre with the Christian West. King Charles X started the
French colonization in 1830. After the Algerian war with France, the
Kingdom of Tarmorya became independent in 1957. Horaz el-Borzalle was
years later, he was deposed by the Muslim leader Kesh Humalb that
established the Democratic Republic of Tarmorya (Jemhurye
Demkratye t'Tarmorye). The king went into exile in France. Princess
Monique Christine de Lataillade Rebariz el-Borzalle, granddaughter of
the former king, came back to the country in 2002 as an opposition
leader. She had her freedom curtailed and was kept under house arrest.
dictator Humalb ruled the country in a despotic way until 2006 when a
democratic uprising took over Tarmorya. During this period, many
Tarmoryans fled to foreign countries, mostly to France and other
European destinations. It is estimated that almost twenty percent of
the population left the country in this period.
of corruption, Humalb went into hiding in Libya. His accounts abroad
were blocked. A constitutional monarchy was established and Princess
Monique was crowned queen Monique Christine I. A period of great
political and economic opening started since then. The migration was
reverted, and many illegal immigrants came into Tarmorya as low
qualified labor force, mostly from Morocco, Algeria, Niger, Mali and
Nigeria. Unemployment and violence are among the social problems that
Tarmorya is facing nowadays.
the other hand, with the influence of the radical Muslims reduced and
the emergence of a less conservative society with the Christian queen,
a large influx of European tourists occurred, attracted by the
Mediterranean beaches, the casinos and five-star hotels, good cuisine
and internationally recognized wine.
political situation became unstable in the beginning of 2012
with violent protests against the growing poverty, mainly by immigrants
Africa, and against the "liberalisation of costumes" by conservative
Muslims. After terrorist attacks, prime minister Charlotte Muznigor
resigned. The president of the senate, senator Mehdi Wiqmaghin (HT),
assumed the post.
A coup d'état was given
by a military junta led by Gen. Daqem Aghruz, self entitled Emghar l'Uziren
(Chief-Minister), in May, alleging that the political situation was out
of control. The senate was dissolved and democratic laws revoked. Many
people were arrested, tortured and killed. The economic situation of
the country becomes critical, unemployment reaching almost 20%. In
November, the hegemonic power of the junta was broken when general
Rebar Elghezere led a group of rebels loyal to the queen. At the same
time, the socialist Pierre Mir'Yassine led another front against the
government. A civil war began.
a special summit in January 2013, FICT decided to condemn the regime of
Aghruz. In February, the Emghar
was seriously injured in an attack and was replaced by Gen. Omar Mahzem
Temezirt. With Temezirt a cease-fire was established and thanks to the
FICT mediator, Guimarc Bonamy, negotiation between the junta and the
rebels took place. A
plebiscite realized in April decided for presidential regime. The
loyalists alleged that the plebiscite was rigged by the coup leaders.
Gen. Elghezere was forced to resign.
Constituent Assembly formed in 2013 wrote a new Constitution for the
counry. After its approval in 2014, Abdelkarim Darmqran was elected as
the first president of the Republic.